Red Wine: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits

Red Wine: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits

Overview

Red wine is among the most favorite alcoholic beverages which have the biggest consumption in the world.

The benefits of red wine on people’s health are still under dispute.

While many people regard red wine as a part of a healthy diet, others criticize it to cause some health risks.

In fact, red wine has been studied extensively over many years with impressive findings.

Scientists have proved its ability to extent life span, fight some types of cancer, improve mental health, etc.

However, only when people consume red wine with moderate amount, will it take amazing effects.

And the gap between enough and over is quite small.

This article will take a detailed look at red wine nutrition facts and top 10 Benefits of Red Wine.

Nutrition Facts

Red Wine - Nutrition Facts

Typically, dark-colored, whole grapes are the main ingredient for red wine production.

People will crush these ingredients before bringing them to ferment.

In fact, red wine includes many types which are various in taste and colors.

Also, the alcohol content is usually from 12% to 15%.

Nutritionally, red wine is quite good for health.

It is undeniable that grapes – the main ingredient in red wine – is a store house of antioxidants.

Resveratrol, catechin, epicatechin and proanthocyanidins are goods examples of antioxidant substances in grape (1).

Especially, both resveratrol and proanthocyanidins can bring many health benefits for people.

Facts have shown that proanthocyanidins may help prevent heart disease and cancer (2, 3, 4).

On the other hand, resveratrol may cure inflammation, blood clotting and lower the danger of heart disease and cancer (5, 6, 7).

Bottom line: Loading with some antioxidant compounds, especially resveratrol and proanthocyanidins, red wine seems can have a number of beneficial health effects.

Health Benefits of Red Wine

Here are top 10 benefits of red wine which you should know.

1. Cardiovascular Diseases

Red Wine - Cardiovascular Diseases

One of the most outstanding benefits of red wine is its ability to fight cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular diseases or heart diseases are among common dreads which lead to the death of thousands of people annually.

Interestingly, a moderate red wine consumption can help avoid cardiovascular diseases (8, 9).

In comparison to beer, red wine shows greater ability in the effort of preventing heart disease (10).

By maintaining the “good” HDL cholesterol level in blood, a suitable amount of red wine lowers the risk of heart disease (11).

Moreover, red wine intake goes together with a 50 percent reduction in oxidative damage and “bad” LDL cholesterol levels (12).

Several studies have indicated that the elderly may experience lower risk of heart disease thanks to a moderate red wine intake (13).

A different study with the participation of middle-aged men have also been for red wine’s effects on preventing heart stoke (14).

And J-shaped curve is the perfect explanation for the close connection between red wine consumption and heart disease prevention (15).

However, it is necessary to know that higher intake of red wine may even foster the appearance of heart disease significantly (16).

Bottom line: A moderate consumption of red wine can prevent heart disease. However, high amount of this drink may even increase the likelihood.

2. Cancer

The massive benefits of red wine make it ideal for fighting cancer.

If red wine effects on cardiovascular is the most common issue people pay attention, its ability to reduce the danger of cancer should be the second.

In general, cancer appears when the cells inside the body system develop uncontrolled.

Oxidative damage may be mainly responsible for this fact.

Luckily, red wine can do good at limiting damage by oxidative stress (17, 18).

Therefore, it is logical to understand that red wine can help with controlling the development of cancer (19, 20).

Nowadays, colon cancer is becoming more and more popular.

250 consecutive patients took part in a study and a moderate red wine consumption could protect them from colon cancer (21).

Bottom line: Cancer is a common dread which takes out the live of thousands of people. Luckily, people can prevent the danger of cancer, especially colon cancer thanks to a moderate red wine intake.

3. Dementia

Another health benefit of red wine which people usually refer to is preventing dementia.

With the increasing stress from work and study, more and more people are prone to dementia .

This problem usually accompanies with memory loss, inability to control emotions or even do normal activities (22).

In fact, though existing in a moderate quantity, resveratrol in red wine can control the stickiness of blood plateleds.

Therefore, it may keep the blood vessels open and flexible, which is really beneficial for better brain function.

Hence, drinking red wine in moderate amount may limit the appearance of dementia from its early stage (23, 24, 25).

4. Depression

Red Wine - Depression

One of mechanisms behind benefits of red wine is its ability to cure depression.

The ability to lower the risk of depression of red wine has been examined in several studies.

According to the results from these research, consuming 2-7 glassed of wine weekly helped middle aged and old people less suffer from depression effectively (26, 27).

5. Aging Process

Clearly, no one is not afraid of the coming of aging process.

Among many foods which can slow down aging symptoms, red wine ranks high position.

In fact, resveratrol – an antioxidant in red wine is so beneficial for extending the life span.

Particularly, a research on mice concluded that the mice which received red wine can live longer and avoid the perolls of a high-fat diet (28).

However, it is vital that further studies in human should be done to consolidate the effect of red wine in expanding lifespan.

6. Osteoporosis

When it comes to benefits of red wine, many people refer to its ability to improve the condition of osteoporosis.

Clearly, bone health is important for a healthy body.

However, there are some certain factors which may negatively influence bone health and limit the mobility of people.

In fact, the high content of silicon in red wine possibly increase bone density, leading to better bone health (29).

Moreover, loading with phytoestrogen, silicon may serve as a tool to protect bone system in menopausal women (30).

7. Gallstones and Kidney Stones

In reality, there is a close link between reduced occurence of gallstones and regular moderate red wine consumption.

Plus, red wine can limit the incidence of kidney stones (31).

8. French Paradox

“French Paradox” is a term which refers to the fact that although French are familiar with high – fat and cholesterol – diet, they still experience lower rate of heart disease compared to other countries (32).

In reality, red wine is the main explanation for the “French paradox”.

Red wine plays a role as a dietary element which can save the French from adverse effects from cholesterol and saturated fat.

However, cholesterol and saturated fat pose no threat to heart health if they are consumed with moderate amounts (33, 34).

It is highly possible that healthy foods in combination with good lifestyle are the true reason for good health of French population.

Bottom line: Red wine may be the main reason for good health of the French population.

9. Insulin Resistance

To regulate insulin levels is another benefits of red wine.

For sure, insulin resistance may cause diabetes – one of the leading dangerous health problems.

In fact, according to scientific research, 2 glassed of red wine during 4 weeks could lower insulin resistance (35, 36).

Also, it is stated that a moderate red wine intake can contribute to the decrease in the risk of getting type 2 diabetes in women (37).

10. Sunburn

Red Wine - Sunburn

Suntan is desired by most of the girls, however, it would be totally a nightmare if it becomes sunburn.

Particularly, severe state of sunburn may be extremely harmful to skin cells by oxidizing fats, DNA and other molecules.

Fortunately, this process will be restricted thanks to flavonoids in red wine which may protect you skin and reduce damage which are done by UV light (38).

Take Home Message

In addition to above benefits of red wine, this drink also contain many other good effects on health.

While a moderate amount of red wine may be a great supplier of health benefits, excessive red wine consumption may cause some adverse effects.

Specifically, regular intake of this drink may severely result in alcohol dependence (39).

Also, the appearance of liver disease may also increase if people drink more than 30 grams of red wine everyday (40).

Consisting of greater amount of calories and sugar than beer, red wine may be an enemy of obesity (41, 42).

Averagely, a safe and suitable amount of red wine for women should be 1-1,5 glasses while that for men should be 1-2 glasses.

Also, people should have at least 1-2 days a week without alcohol.

Disclaim: The effectiveness from using these foods on certain problems and diseases will be depended on the body condition of the applicant.

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