Bitter Melon: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits

Bitter Melon: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits


Bitter melon serves as both a food and a natural medicine.

Its texture is warty and its taste, like the name, is very bitter. The fact is that bitter melon has the most bitter taste among every type of vegetables we can eat.

Bitter melon belongs to a family in which we can see some common names, like melons or squashes.

This vegetable originated from the Indian subcontinent over 6 centuries ago.

Nowadays, it is popular in most continents, including Asia or Africa.

The flesh is the main part of bitter melon, responsible for most bitter melon health benefits.

The recommendation is to use bitter melon before ripening.

Nutrition Facts

Bitter Melon: Nutrition Facts

Now we take a closer look at bitter melon nutrition facts.

The amounts of proteins, fat or carbs in bitter melon are not considerable. Water makes up for the main content of bitter melon with over 94 percent (1).

On the other hand, there is relatively much dietary fiber in bitter melon.

Bitter melon is also rich in some vitamins and minerals, namely, different types of vitamins B, calcium, magnesium, manganese or phosphorus.

A notable point in bitter melon nutrition is the presence of linoleic and oleic acid.

Health Benefits of Bitter Melon

Because of its bitter taste, the application of this fruit in the culinary world is limited to some particular cuisines.

In fact, it is more famous for its health benefits.

Here are top 6 health benefits of bitter melon that modern science has proved through its studies.

1. Diabetes

One of the first benefits of bitter melon is to help diabetic patients control their problem better.

Bitter melon is effective to reduce the level of blood glucose.

In 2011, the Journal of Ethnopharmacology published the result of a research on patients suffering from Type 2 diabetes.

It indicated the link between the daily supplement of 2,000 mg bitter melon and a lower level of blood glucose.

In addition, there are some anti-diabetic nutrients in bitter melon, such as vicine, polypeptide-p and charantin (234).

They keep your blood sugar under the balance and prevent the occurrence of unpredictable spikes.

Thus, if you want to improve the diabetes treatment, you had better consume one glass of the juice made from bitter melon before having breakfast every morning.

  • Use cold water to clean 1-2 bitter melons.
  • Get its flesh and cut it into pieces.
  • Put them in water for half an hour.
  • Then, blend both the pieces and the water.
  • After that, get the mixture strained so that all solid pieces are removed.
  • You can pour raw honey or lemon juice to improve the taste.

Bottom Line: By having positive effects on blood glucose levels, bitter melon is a great supplement for patients with diabetes.

2. Against Cancer

Even though scientists are still carrying out more research, it is highly possible that one of top health benefits of bitter melon is to prevent cancer.

The anti-cancer quality comes from its richness of antioxidants which serve as the competitor of free radicals inside your body (5).

Free radicals have hazardous effects by stimulating the growth of cancerous cells (6).

Therefore, antioxidants play an essential role in preventing cancer (7).

Furthermore, bitter melon is not only an excellent source of antioxidants itself, but also a stimulant for the number of antioxidants your body possess.

According to the Pharmaceutical Research Journal in 2010, bitter melon might have anti-tumor quality, hinderring apoptosis (8).

It is a good idea to use bitter melon as a great preventative method against a number of cancer, such as prostate or breast (9101112).

Bottom Line: The daily consumption of bitter melon will lower significantly your risk of cancer.

3. Hemorrhoids

With anti-inflammatory property, one of top health benefits of bitter melon is to prevent and deal with hemorrhoids (13).

The great amount of dietary fiber is a great advantage for the treatment of this problem as well.

Some studies have pointed out that fiber might help them escape from bleeding (1415).

Adding more bulk, fiber makes your stools softer and enhances your gastrointestinal tracts.

People experiencing hemorrhoid or constipation can benefit from this.

The suggestion is to consume the mixture of bitter melon juice and buttermilk before breakfast every morning.

Bottom Line: By preventing inflammation and bleeding, bitter melon might serve as a great cure for hemorrhoids.

4. Immunity

Bitter Melon: Immunity Improvement

One of the most important health benefits of bitter melon is to enhance the immune system which is an essential shield to protect our well-beings.

Its richness of antioxidants is powerful to fight against the bacteria or virus causing illness.

As mentioned above, antioxidants also take part in the hinderance of harmful impacts of free radicals.

You can use bitter melon regularly in daily diet or consume its juice on a daily basis so that your immunity is stronger.

5. Liver Health

The hepatic quality is responsible for benefits of bitter melon on the liver (1617).

Thus, bitter melon can foster your liver’s capacity to filter and expel impurities from your blood.

As a result, you can enjoy a series of advantages, such as getting rid of obesity, headaches or chronic fatigue.

In order to get the best result, you ought to consume the juice of bitter melon more than once per day.

Bottom Line: Thanks to its hepatic and cleansing properties, bitter melon can be helpful for the elimination of toxins, maintaining good conditions of your liver.

6. Hangover

Few people are aware of benefits of bitter melon if they experience hangover.

In fact, with alcohol anti-intoxication quality, bitter melon helps you recover soon.

Additionally, bitter melon health benefits on the liver eradicate toxins you take in by drinking too much alcohol.

Half a glass of the juice of bitter melon is all what you need after the excessive consumption of alcohol to get rid of hangover quickly.

Side Effects

Even though bitter melon contains many chemicals that are beneficial for our health, these chemicals might become dangerous in some cases.

Bitter melon is not suitable for pregnant women as it may lead to menstrual bleeding.

In addition, breastfeeding mothers should avoid bitter melon for the sake of their infant.

Besides, bitter melon might trigger the deficiency of dehydrogenase, followed by some symptoms, such as fever or stomach pain.


This section is designed to provide you with some infographics to grab a quick understanding of bitter melon nutrition and health benefits.

Do you agree with all of these amazing health benefits of bitter melon? You can comment your ideas on the box below or simply share your own experience.

And do not forget to LIKE, SHARE or PIN this article on social media.

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Bitter Melon Nutrition Facts

Bitter Melon Health Benefits

Bitter Melon Health Benefits

Bitter Melon Side Effects

Disclaim: The effectiveness from using these foods on certain problems and diseases will be depended on the body condition of the applicant.

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Bitter Melon: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits
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