Are you more of a tea or coffee person?

Are you more of a tea or coffee person?

Coffee and tea are great beverages that can brighten up your day. Both contain caffeine and antioxidants; coffee is higher in both caffeine and antioxidants than tea. The caffeine content found in coffee keeps you energized throughout the day. On the other hand, tea consumption is believed to lower the risk of certain types of cancer, reduce inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity.

Even though both beverages have amazing natural benefits, overconsumption or addiction to tea and coffee is bad for your health. In other words, a few cups of coffee or tea a day are healthy for most of us, but too much of either can negatively affect your body. For example, at higher doses (excessive intake >400mg/day), caffeine can cause anxiety, sleep disturbances, increased blood pressure (systolic and diastolic), and have mutagenic and carcinogenic effects.

But, is it possible that coffee and tea addiction can cause epigenetic changes? And how is this different for men and women?

A study conducted at Uppsala University in collaboration with research groups around Europe, investigated whether epigenetic changes could be caused by consumption of tea and coffee. The difference seen in men and women is well-accounted in the study. The research team collected data in terms of the number of cups consumed per month, from 3096 adults comprised of four European groups.

The blood samples of the subjects were cross checked for DNA methylation, a primary form of epigenetic change after having considered certain lifestyle factors mainly, age, gender, smoking habits, and effects of tea and coffee.

The inference was that drinking tea had no correlation with epigenetic changes in men but it affected women from 28 genomic regions. Tea consumption was shown to alter the constituents of the genes DNAJC16 and TTC17 responsible for the metabolism of oestrogen and cancer cells. The research team didn’t have clear information on the variety of tea used although the information came from people in countries where black tea is readily available.

Coffee consumption, on the other hand, had no impact on gene expression in men as well as women. These results are extracted from the journal titled, Human Molecular Genetics.

The difference in results obtained between men and women could be because tea affects women differently (via estrogen-associated pathways.) Also, perhaps there were fewer male tea drinkers in the study that made it more difficult to find a significant connection.

It was demonstrated earlier that tea catechins lead to epigenetic changes in vitro and in cultured cancer cells and some of the health effects of tea may be mediated by epigenetics.

Earlier studies on coffee and tea addiction have shown that these two beverages are crucial for suppressing tumor progression, reducing inflammation and influencing estrogen metabolism. These are often referred to as the disease-risk mechanisms and proper balancing of these is necessary for increased survivality. Those studies have also shown that tea consumption has an impact on the estrogen levels. There has been significant reduction observed in the levels which highlights the different biological responses in both genders.

A 1972 study on coffee published in the Biophysical Journal found that caffeine binds to broken DNA, which occurs when there is a natural or chemical change in the strand. If caffeine were present during the formation of DNA, it could cause breaks in the chromosomes that carry genetic information. That is the reason why pregnant women are advised not to drink coffee.

Some of the benefits you get from coffee and tea are:

  • Protection from liver disease and cancer: Coffee contains a high amount of a certain class of substance referred to as antioxidants. These antioxidants collectively, is the cure for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; it also significantly brings down the risk of getting liver cancer, and ultimately prevents death from chronic liver conditions. The antioxidants in green tea can inhibit the growth of malignant tumours, according to the National Cancer Institute. But, did you know matcha tea has even more higher concentration of antioxidants along with many other nutritional benefits?
  • Decreased risk of dementia: Coffee and tea contain a desirable amount of caffeine that helps to prevent chronic memory related disorders such as dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Reduced risk of type 2 diabetes: Harvard University School of Public Health published a set of research notes stating that the polyphenols in coffee and tea can cut down the risk of type 2 diabetes and enhance the secretion and sensitivity of insulin. 
  • Safeguarded from cardiovascular disease: The antioxidants in coffee protect the vascular system and improves its efficiency, thus protecting our body from life-threatening cardiovascular disease.
  • Boosted immune system: Coffee, white tea, green tea and matcha green tea have immune-boosting properties based on recent .

These benefits are only enjoyable if you are drinking coffee, tea or both in moderate quantities. Moreover, it’s better to drink organic coffee and tea which are devoid of harmful substances or additives which are present in most food products.

The best alternative is hands down, matcha.

If at any time you feel that coffee or tea consumption is affecting your body negatively, then it’s better to get a detox, especially from caffeine. More people find detoxing the body from caffeine quite challenging, as the migraines related to caffeine are intense.

However, if you stick to a healthy diet and meditate regularly, it would be easier to manage the condition. Don’t try to reduce the consumption at one go and say no to caffeine intake, instead lower the usage slowly and steadily.

Author Bio: Catalin is the founder of Ecommerce Platforms and Web App Meister. He blogs about matcha, Japanese lifestyle, and mindfulness at matcha-tea.com. He’s a design enthusiast and loves matcha, and is uber passionate about blockchain technology and travel.

 

 

Disclaim: The effectiveness from using these foods on certain problems and diseases will be depended on the body condition of the applicant.

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Are you more of a tea or coffee person?
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